The theory of everything set out on this site explains from first principles, precisely this.

“The Helmholtz free energy density (f) reaches its maximum value at a temperature T = 0.93, which occurs when space had n = 3 dimensions”

From phys.org

1 = 1/2 + 1/2

Pedro L. e S. Lopes, Jeffrey C. Y. Teo, and Shinsei Ryu, ‘Topological strings linking with quasiparticle exchange in superconducting Dirac semimetals‘, *Physical Review B*, 95, 235134, (https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.235134)

Abstract:

“We demonstrate a topological classification of vortices in three-dimensional time-reversal invariant topological superconductors based on superconducting Dirac semimetals with an s-wave superconducting order parameter by means of a pair of numbers (NΦ,N), accounting how many units NΦ of magnetic fluxes hc/4e and how many Nchiral Majorana modes the vortex carries. From these quantities, we introduce a topological invariant, which further classifies the properties of such vortices under linking processes. While such processes are known to be related to instanton processes in a field theoretic description, we demonstrate here that they are, in fact, also equivalent to the fractional Josephson effect on junctions based at the edges of quantum spin Hall systems. This allows one to consider microscopically the effects of interactions in the linking problem. We therefore demonstrate that associated to links between vortices, one has the exchange of quasiparticles, either Majorana zero modes, or e/2quasiparticles, which allows for a topological classification of vortices in these systems, seen to be Z8 classified. While NΦ and N are shown to be both even or odd in the weakly interacting limit, in the strongly interacting scenario one loosens this constraint. In this case, one may have further fractionalization possibilities for the vortices, whose excitations are described by SO(3)3-like conformal field theories with quasiparticle exchanges of more exotic types”.

Toby Crisford and Santos, Jorge E. (2017), ‘Violating the Weak Cosmic Censorship Conjecture in Four-Dimensional Anti–de Sitter Space’, *Physics Review*, Letters 118, 181101. ((https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.181101))

Abstract:

“We consider time-dependent solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations using anti–de Sitter (AdS) boundary conditions, and provide the first counterexample to the weak cosmic censorship conjecture in four spacetime dimensions. Our counterexample is entirely formulated in the Poincaré patch of AdS. We claim that our results have important consequences for quantum gravity, most notably to the weak gravity conjecture”

Zhi-zhong Xing, Ye-Ling Zhou (2014) ‘Geometry of the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the neutrinoless double-beta decay‘, Arxiv .

Abstract:

“The neutrinoless double-beta (0νββ) decay is a unique process to identify the Majorana nature of massive neutrinos, and its rate depends on the size of the effective Majorana neutrino mass ⟨m⟩ee. We put forward a novel “coupling-rod” diagram to describe ⟨m⟩ee in the complex plane, by which the effects of the neutrino mass ordering and CP-violating phases on ⟨m⟩ee are intuitively understood. We show that this geometric language allows us to easily obtain the maximum and minimum of |⟨m⟩ee|. It remains usable even if there is a kind of new physics contributing to ⟨m⟩ee, and it can also be extended to describe the effective Majorana masses ⟨m⟩eμ, ⟨m⟩eτ, ⟨m⟩μμ, ⟨m⟩μτ and ⟨m⟩ττ which may appear in some other lepton-number-violating processes”.

Abstract:

“The problem of how mathematics and physics are related at a foundational level is of interest. The approach taken here is to work towards a coherent theory of physics and mathematics together by examining the theory experiment connection. The role of an implied theory hierarchy and use of computers in comparing theory and experiment is described. The main idea of the paper is to tighten the theory experiment connection by bringing physical theories, as mathematical structures over C, the complex numbers, closer to what is actually done in experimental measurements and computations. The method replaces C by Cn which is the set of pairs, Rn,In, of n figure rational numbers in some basis. The properties of these numbers are based on those of numerical measurement outcomes for continuous variables. A model of space and time based on Rn is discussed. The model is scale invariant with regions of constant step size interrupted by exponential jumps. A method of taking the limit n→∞ to obtain locally flat continuum-based space and time is outlined. Also Rn based space is invariant under scale transformations. These correspond to expansion and contraction of space relative to a flat background. The location of the origin, which is a space and time singularity, does not change under these transformations. Some properties of quantum mechanics, based on Cn and on Rn space are briefly investigated”