Is there not a natural mathematicality to the structures of our universe and the forces which govern them? Was the path of Earth’s orbit around the Sun not elliptical before humanity evolved?

The physical relationships between quantities, forces, spacetime – these are governed by laws which have an absolute mathematicality to them. The term ‘mathematicality’ is used to differentiate the natural laws of numerical relationships from the human descriptions of those laws, called ‘maths’ and ‘mathematics’.

Human mathematics is not collection of purely abstract concepts. It is derived from human observations of how the real world works – how could it have become such a useful tool in our understanding and organisation of the world around us, if it is utterly disconnected from that world? If mathematical concepts were purely abstract, they would be of no use whatsoever beyond entertainment.

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